A ‘safe space‘ or ‘safer spaces‘ refers to a space that was created for folks who experience marginalization to gather, share common experiences, communicate, heal and organized. People taking the seat(s) of leaders, facilitators, organizers or teachers in the space hold the boundaries of the space, usually with zero tolerance policies for violence, harassment, or hate speech, including microaggressions. These “boundary holders” usually understand the particular ways in which certain marginalized groups may uniquely experience oppression and act as gatekeepers to protect the space.

No space can be made entirely safe. Boundary holders work to keep a space as safe as possible, hence the term ‘safer space’.


Simply put, it is very challenging to do healing work beside the same people you experience oppression from. People existing within marginalized communities often have complex layers of trauma due the varied ways they experience oppression and violence. Here is an example:

When compared to White Men, white heterosexual women and white non-men are at higher risk of experiencing domestic violence in intimate relationships. White heterosexual women living in poverty may not have the means to escape a violent situation or seek healing work. This might lead one to believe that simply not having men in a space where women are is enough to make the space safe, or making a space financially affordable makes the space “safe” Racialized women however, may experience additional, complex layers of violence. They may experience racial violence at the hands of White women, in addition to the even high rates of domestic violence they face. Simply having no men in the room or having a less cost barriers may still not be enough to create a safer space for racialized women and non-men. There are additional layers of complexity: Racialized queer people experience even more complex layers of systemic oppression. One example is that their experiences may even not be included at all in research around domestic violence at all. Health and wellness service providers may also lack of understanding and awareness of distinct experiences of abuse of LGBTQ+ people. They might rely on myths and stereotypes for information which can contribute to misunderstanding or minimizing of the risk experienced by LGBT people. Health and wellness service providers may also lack of awareness of the spectrum of sexual and gender identities. This exclusion leads to total erasure when people gather to come up with solutions or create healing modalities.


Marginalization exists in multitudes and layers. When people with privilege create solutions they may create solutions with holes and blind spots – it’s important that marginalized communities find healing and solutions within their own communities as the solutions that emerge in these spaces are like to be more holistic and effective.

  • People who live with mobility disabilities may not be able to attend a meeting in a healing space that is not accessible (has stairs, too narrow for a chair to safely move through). People living with invisible disabilities may be excluded as well.

  • Racialized women may not be able to afford healing practices with high price points and will not be safe in spaces where racism, colonial mindset, or xenophonia/nationalism is present.

  • Queer bodies may experience erasure in spaces that use gendered language, have gendered washrooms and will not be safe in spaces where homophobia or trans-antagonism is present.

  • Women & non-men may experience judgement, silencing and opposition when expressing their experiences of domestic or systemic violence when men are present in a space, making the space less safe for women and non-men to be their most authentic self.

When we create healing work we have to ask ourselves:

“Who is this “Healing Work” really for?”

If it’s a space where “everyone can heal“, then we have to take into considerations the barriers that this “everyone” group faces, and what exactly it is that they are “healing” from. If it’s not a space for “everyone” we need to be honest about that, and really clear about who the space is for so that we do not create additional harm in out attempts to create healing.

When marginalized groups have to invest time explaining their experiences to non-marginalized people they do so at the cost of time they could have spent healing or working towards collective inclusive solutions.